The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2011 , Vol 53 , Num 6
Epstein-Barr Virus Encephalitis: Findings of MRI, MRS, Diffusion and Perfusion
Departments of 1Radiology, and 2Pediatric Neurology, Selçuk University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey Özbek O, Koç O, Paksoy Y, Aydın K, Nayman A. Epstein-Barr virus encephalitis: findings of MRI, MRS, diffusion and perfusion. Turk J Pediatr 2011; 53: 680-683

Epstein-Barr virus is an infection that is known as infectious mononucleosis. Even though the central nervous system is not a primary region of involvement of this disease, neurological complications are reported rarely. In this case report, we evaluated a 15-month-old male who presented to the pediatric neurology clinic due to high fever and a neurologic attack. His serological tests and radiological examinations (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), MR spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and MR perfusion) were consistent with Epstein-Barr virus encephalitis, which is a very rare complication of infectious mononucleosis. Additionally, we discuss the MRI, MRS, DWI and MR perfusion findings of our case, which were different from other cases reported in the literature. Keywords : encephalitis, Epstein-Barr virus, magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

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