The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2010 , Vol 52 , Num 6
Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum in a Child Due to 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus
Units of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, ^Pediatric Intensive Care 'Unit, and 3Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Özdemir H, Kendirli T, Uğur Dinçaslan H, Çiftçi E, İnce E. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in a child due to 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus. Turk J Pediatr 2010;52: 648-651. The 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus spread throughout the world and caused different clinical situations. Here, we report a 4.5-year-old boy with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) complicating pneumonia associated with H1N1 virus. SPM could be associated with bronchial obstruction or necrotizing pneumonia, and the prognosis of patients with SPM associated with necrosis is worse than of patients with SPM associated with bronchial obstruction. Keywords : children, complication, influenza, influenza A (H1N1) virus, pneumonia, spontaneous pneumomediastinum.

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