The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2010 , Vol 52 , Num 4
Acute meningoencephalitis due to Brucella: case report and review of neurobrucellosis in children
Departments of 1Pediatrics, and 2Microbiology, Bakırköy Maternity and Children’s Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey The involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in brucellosis is rare and has a broad range of presentations. Subacute and chronic meningoencephalitis are described as the most common neurologic manifestations. We report a six-year-old boy with culture-proven neurobrucellosis who presented with an acute picture of meningoencephalitis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed pleocytosis with slight elevation of protein. The agglutination test titer was elevated in serum and Brucella spp. were isolated from both blood and CSF. He was treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole plus rifampin and streptomycin. His clinical and laboratory features improved with specific antibiotic therapy and no sequela was observed in the short-term follow-up.

Due to protean clinical features, unfamiliarity with the disease can delay the diagnosis in children who are not occupationally exposed. In endemic areas, neurobrucellosis should be considered in the evaluation of patients with unexplained neurologic symptoms. Keywords : brucellosis, children, neurobrucellosis, treatment.

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