The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2006 , Vol 48 , Num 1
Diagnostic criteria of pediatric migraine without aura
1Departments of Pediatric Neurology, Dr. Sami Ulus Children’s Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

2Departments of Psychiatry, Dr. Sami Ulus Children’s Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Neurology, Ankara State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Şenbil N, Gürer YKY, Aydın ÖF, Rezaki B, İnan L. Diagnostic criteria of pediatric migraine without aura. Turk J Pediatr 2006; 48: 31-37.

The objectives of this study were to assess the validity of the International Classification of Headache Disorders-I (ICHD-I) and the International Headache Society-Revised (IHS-R) criteria and to evaluate the other headache features that are not included in these criteria for migraine without aura in the pediatric population. One hundred and thirty-two children who referred to our clinic with the complaint of chronic or recurrent headache were evaluated. Clinical diagnosis of the pediatric neurologist was used as the gold standard in evaluating the validity of ICHD-I and IHS-R criteria and the other headache features. After eliminating patients with other migraine types, secondary headache, and missing data, 92 patients were included in the study according to their records. Sixty-one children (66.3%) were diagnosed as migraine without aura. Using the clinical diagnosis as the gold standard, the specificity of ICHD-I criteria was detected as 93.5%, while the sensitivity was detected as 36.1%. IHS-R criteria had 90.3% specificity and 78.7% sensitivity. Relief of headache with sleeping or lying down in a dark, quiet room was found to be the highest specific and sensitive factor of the other headache features not included in these criteria. IHS-R criteria were found to be more valid in the diagnosis of migraine without aura than ICHD-I criteria. IHS-R criteria are recommended both in clinical practice and in the studies requiring migraine without aura case definitions in the pediatric population. Keywords : childhood headache, migraine, International Classification of Headache

Copyright © 2016