The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2023 , Vol 65 , Num 2
Primary ovarian tumors in children: a single center experience of 124 patients
Mustafa Cemaloğlu 1 ,Tezer Kutluk 1 ,Ali Varan 1 ,Diclehan Orhan 2 ,Cahit Tanyel 3 ,Burça Aydın 1 ,Nilgün Kurucu 1 ,Bilgehan Yalçın 1 ,Canan Akyüz 1
1 Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara
2 Department of Pediatric Pathology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara
3 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Türkiye
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2022.659 Background. Primary ovarian tumors are rare in the pediatric age group. We reviewed our 40-year experience with ovarian tumors to evalute the clinical features and treatment results in a single institution.

Methods. Between January 1975 and October 2015, 124 girls with primary ovarian tumor were diagnosed and treated in our center. Tumors were identified with biopsy or total resection and/or serum markers. Seventy four children were included in the treatment analysis.

Results. Median age for 124 children was 11.0 years (0.73-17.63). The main complaint was abdominal pain in 85 patients (68.5%). One hundred and five patients (84.6%) had total one-sided salpingo-oophorectomy and five patients had bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Amongst 124 cases, 29 patients had mature teratoma, which was the most common tumor in this study. Dysgerminoma (n=21) was the most common malignant histopathologic type. Stage I disease was diagnosed in 57.2% and stage IV in 6.6% of the patients. Five year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) for 124 children were 82.5% and 76.3% respectively. For 74 children who received treatment, 5-year OS and EFS were 75.2% and 67.1%, respectively. Age (p <0.017), histopathological subgroup (p <0.001), stage (p =0.003) and chemotherapy protocols (p =0.049) were significant prognostic factors for OS.

Conclusions. The survival rates in children with ovarian tumors were comparable with studies in the literature. Although patients treated with platin based regimens had better survival rates, prognosis was still poor for the patients in advanced stages. This should be the focus for further studies and improvements. Keywords : childhood cancer, ovarian tumors, germ cell tumors

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