The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2022 , Vol 64 , Num 1
Correlation and prediction of arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide from venous umbilical blood gases
Anucha Thatrimontrichai 1 ,Kan Charernjiratragul 1 ,Waricha Janjindamai 1 ,Supaporn Dissaneevate 1 ,Gunlawadee Maneenil 1 ,Manapat Phatigomet 1 ,Nattachai Anantasit 2
1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand
2 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2021.619 Background. Arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) samples are lower in children and higher in fetuses when compared with venous samples. The correlation and prediction of pCO2 from umbilical venous (UVBG) to umbilical arterial blood gas (UABG) dyad in neonates are identified.

Methods. A prospective study was performed from July 2018 to December 2019. Two dependent tests and a multivariate regression model were used to analyze the comparison and correlation tests.

Results. A total of 116 paired UABG and UVBG samples were obtained. The medians (interquartile ranges, IQR) were as follows: gestational age of 34 (29-37) weeks, birth weight of 2122 (1146-2839) g, and postnatal age of 2.3 (1.4-10.8) h. The median (IQR) pCO2(UABG) and pCO2(UVBG) measurements were 40.2 (33.5-45.8) and 40.4 (34.7-46.8) mmHg, respectively (rho = 0.75, p < 0.001). The median of the differences (IQR) in pCO2(UABG) and pCO2(UVBG) was −0.9 (−4.7 to 2.3) mmHg, (p = 0.06). The equation to predict pCO2(UABG) was 0.9 × pCO2(UVBG) + 4, as derived from simple linear regression. The best model for predicting pCO2(UABG) was 0.9 x pCO2(UVBG) - 0.7 × venous base excess + 0.6 × 5-min Apgar score + 6.1 × meconium aspiration syndrome - 7.7 × patent ductus arteriosus - 6.5 (adjusted r2 = 0.74).

Conclusions. pCO2(UVBG) correlates with and can predict pCO2(UABG). Therefore, pCO2(UVBG) can be applied to pCO2(UABG) in neonates for whom UAC insertion is unsuccessful or to avoid an arterial puncture. Keywords : blood gas analysis, carbon dioxide, newborn, umbilical arteries, umbilical vein

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