The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2019 , Vol 61 , Num 6
Childhood sclerosing cholangitis associations in a Tunisian tertiary care hospital: a many-faceted disease
Miniar Tfifha 1 ,Tarek Kamoun 2 ,Nadia Mama 2 ,Sarra Mestiri 3 ,Saida Hassayoun 1 ,Noura Zouari 1 ,Hela Jemni 2 ,Saoussen Abroug 1
1 Departments of Pediatric, Sahloul Hospital
2 Department of Radiology Sahloul Hospital
3 Department of Anatomopathology, Farhat Hached Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2019.06.012 Tfifha M, Kamoun T, Mama N, Mestiri S, Hassayoun S, Zouari N, Jemni H, Abroug S. Childhood sclerosing cholangitis associations in a Tunisian tertiary care hospital: a many-faceted disease. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 905-914.

Sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is a liver disorder affecting children and adults, causing chronic cholestasis and secondary biliary cirrhosis. The purpose of this study was to present different associated diseases to SC in a Tunisian tertiary care hospital.

Six patients were identified with SC associated with other diseases, four males and two females. The first symptom was liver enlargement in all cases with abnormal liver biochemistry. A moderate increase in AST and ALT levels was registered in all cases with moderate cholestasis in 4 patients. Three of them presented an auto-immune condition. Two patients were diagnosed with auto-immune hepatitis prior to SC and Crohn disease in only one patient. One developed linear IgA bullous dermatosis. Three patients were diagnosed with Multisystemic Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH). The primary site of LCH was the liver associated secondary to insipidus diabetes (one case), mastoiditis (two cases) and chest localization (one case). The outcome of those patients was variable with poor prognosis especially for SC secondary to LCH. No patient underwent liver transplantation.

SC is a rare disorder with variable clinical presentations. To our knowledge, this is the first report of this condition in Tunisian and North African children. Diagnosis and treatment of SC and its associations remains a challenge, especially because there is still no effective medical therapy aimed at preventing disease progression. Pediatric liver transplantation is the only life-extending therapeutic alternative for patients with end-stage liver failure. Liver transplantation has not been performed on young children in our country. Keywords : sclerosing cholangitis, childhood, cholestasis, langerhans histiocytosis

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