The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2019 , Vol 61 , Num 4
Fanconi anemia: a single center experience of a large cohort
Selman Kesici 1 ,Şule Ünal 2 ,Barış Kuşkonmaz 2 ,Selin Aytaç 2 ,Mualla Çetin 2 ,Fatma Gümrük 2
1 Divisions of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara
2 Divisions of Pediatric Hematology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2019.04.002 Kesici S, Ünal Ş, Kuşkonmaz B, Aytaç S, Çetin M, Gümrük F. Fanconi anemia: a single center experience of a large cohort. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 477-484.

Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited disease, characterized by congenital malformations, short stature, progressive bone marrow failure and predisposition to leukemia and solid tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and prognostic features of FA patients followed in a single center.

The charts of FA patients were reviewed 35 years retrospectively and a total of 175 patients were included in the study in which 51.4% of patients were male. The mean age at diagnosis was 6.3±4.1 years. The incidence of microcephaly was 92.6%, skin findings were 88.0%, eye abnormality was 74.3%, thumb and radius abnormality was 53.1%, urinary system abnormality was 30.9%, skeletal system abnormality other than thumb and radius was 18.9%, genital system abnormality was 11.4%, cardiovascular system abnormality was 11.4%, ear and hearing abnormalities were 9.7% and gastrointestinal system abnormality was 5.7%. Short stature was present in 75.4% of the patients. Of the 175 patients 167 (95.4%) developed bone marrow failure during follow-up and the mean age of bone marrow failure was 7.1 ±3.7 years (1 month-old-19.8 years). The first clinical symptom was thrombocytopenia in 83.4% of patients. Malignancy developed in a total of 23 (13.1 %) patients (20 leukemia, 3 solid tumors) during follow-up. Of 175 patients, 35 (20%) underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Fatality rate among patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was 31.4% (11/35) and fatality rate among other patients was 63.4% (83/131; p<0.05). Of 94 patients who deceased, death was due to bleeding in 44.7%, infection in 34%, leukemia progression in 16.0% and graft versus host disease in 5.3%.

In terms of the number of patients included, this study is one of the largest cohorts with a remarkable duration of follow-up time. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was found to have a good impact on sur vival of patients. Keywords : Fanconi anemia, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, congenital anomalies, leukemia, mortality

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