The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2016 , Vol 58 , Num 2
Screening 5 and 6 year-old children starting primary school for development and language
Deniz Yılmaz 1 ,Nuray Bayar-Muluk 2 ,Birgül Bayoğlu 3 ,Aysun İdil 4 ,Banu Anlar 5
1 Department of Child Neurology, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Kırıkkale University Faculty of Medicine, Kırıkkale, Turkey
2 Department of Ear Nose and Throat Diseases, Kırıkkale University Faculty of Medicine, Kırıkkale, Turkey
3 Child Development Unit, Hacettepe University İhsan Doğramacı Children’s Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
4 Department of Public Health, Center of Low Vision Rehabilitation, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
5 Division of Child Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2016.02.003 Beginning school is an important milestone for children. Children’s readiness for school involves cognitive, physical, and emotional development. Certain school programs allow children to start first grade after 66 months of age, together with 72 month-old children.

In order to estimate school readiness, we screened children before starting first grade and compared their school performance according to their age and socio-demographic characteristics. Marmara School Readiness, Denver II developmental screening, and language assessment tests were applied. Language delays were more frequent and school readiness test scores were lower in the younger group compared to older children. However, school achievement did not differ between the two age groups. Preschool education, parental income and education affected performance in most tests.

Preschool screening seems effective in detecting children with lower than average developmental skills, and the school system may provide a practical opportunity for providing support to those children. Keywords : developmental status, language development, school readiness

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