The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2015 , Vol 57 , Num 4
Clinical features and long-term outcomes of idiopathic urethrorrhagia
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children’s Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
Moralıoğlu S, Cerrah-Celayir A, Bosnalı O. Clinical features and long-term outcomes of idiopathic urethrorrhagia. Turk J Pediatr 2015; 57: 380-384.

The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and long-term outcome of the patients who were treated at our institution for idiopathic urethrorrhagia. The data of 10 male patients, who underwent cystoscopy between October 2010 and March 2013 due to urethrorrhagia, were evaluated retrospectively. Ten male patients aged between 8 and 16 years at first submission. Four patients (40%) had low voiding frequency (2-3 per day). Three of the four patients had abnormal uroflowmetry/EMG findings. Cystoscopy was done in all patients which revealed bulbar urethral inflammation and hemorrhage in all. Symptoms were not resolved on three of the patients who were under observation, having symptoms on average for 29.6±10.5 months. Complete resolution developed in the other seven patients. Six of the patients` symptoms were resolved soon after cystoscopy. In the patients’ with or without normal uroflowmetry/EMG findings urethrorrhagia resolution rates were 86% and 33%, respectively. In the evaluation of urethrorrhagia; detailed history taking, basic laboratory investigation and cystoscopy are enough. The typical patients may be treated expectantly. In our opinion, it seems that dysfunctional voiding and infrequent voiding might cause delayed remission and/or recurrence of urethrorrhagia. Even though, it does not effect the treatment, in the persistent cases, confirmation of diagnosis by cystoscopy helps to lessen the anxiety of the family and might decrease the use of many unnecessary diagnostic tools in the long term follow ups. Keywords : urethra, hematuria, urethrorrhagia, child.

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