The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2015 , Vol 57 , Num 3
Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Otitis Media with Effusion in Primary School Children: Case Control Study in Erzurum, Turkey
Departments of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 1Dumlupınar University Evliya Çelebi Research and Training Hospital, Kütahya, and 2Erzurum Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey.
A total of 1021 children attending 2 primary schools in districts in Erzurum were enrolled in a study evaluating the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) and its relationship with various risk factors. The prevalence of OME in this study was 6.8% (69/1021). The difference in OME prevalence between age groups (<9 years, >9 years) was statistically significant (p<0.05). Parental smoking (p<0.001), history of acute otitis media (AOM) and recent history of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) (p<0.001), socioeconomic status (p< 0.05), family size (p<0.001), educational status of the parents (p<0.05) and breastfeeding history (p<0.05) were also statistically significant factors. Sex (p>0.05), consanguineous marriage (p>0.05) and history of hearing loss in the parents (p>0.05) were not statistically significant. Parents need to be informed about the symptoms of and risk factors for OME to avoid delayed diagnosis, which can lead to permanent hearing loss. Keywords : otitis media with effusion, risk factors, prevalence.
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