The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2014 , Vol 56 , Num 5
Traumatic Multiple Lower Cranial Nerve Palsy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
1Departments of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery and 2Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
Received: 15 January 2014, Revised: 27 January 2014, Accepted: 28 February 2014
Lower cranial nerve palsy, also known as Collet-Sicard syndrome, is a fairly rare pathology characterized by unilateral palsy of the IX-X-XI-XII cranial nerves. We report a multiple cranial nerve palsy developing after a head trauma that might have been considered negligible. A 16-year-old boy was admitted with swallowing and articulation problems and difficulty lifting one shoulder after a head trauma suffered during a football match. No pathology was revealed in the subsequent imaging. Cranial nerve palsies due to head trauma are very rare. Awareness of the possibility of such a condition, leading to early recognition and treatment, may result in significant functional recovery. Keywords : Collet-Sicard syndrome, cranial nerve injury, head trauma.
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