The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2014 , Vol 56 , Num 4
An Uncommon Disorder with Multiple Skeletal Anomalies: Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, and 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome is an uncommon disorder transmitted through autosomal dominant inheritance. This syndrome is characterized by multiple odontogenic keratocysts, along with congenital skeletal anomalies and basal cell carcinomas. A 16-year-old girl was admitted with a complaint of swelling on the lower jaw. She had multiple basal cell nevi on both hands. Multiple lytic bone lesions on radiographs were defined as odontogenic keratocysts following the biopsy. The patient was referred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation for detailed musculoskeletal evaluation. Adam’s forward bend test revealed a hump on the right side representing right thoracic scoliosis. Cervical kyphosis, thoracic lordosis and scoliosis, bifid rib and sacral and lumbar spina bifida on plain radiographs led to the diagnosis of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. Since early diagnosis may provide optimum surveillance for related neoplasms, it is of paramount importance for pediatricians as well as physicians dealing with the musculoskeletal system to be aware of this rare condition. Keywords : Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, odontogenic keratocysts, scoliosis, skeletal anomalies, vermis dysgenesis.
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