The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2014 , Vol 56 , Num 2
Risk Factors of Severe Atopic Dermatitis in Childhood: Single-Center Experience
Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara Children’s Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors of disease severity to facilitate better management of children with severe atopic dermatitis (AD). All the patients were diagnosed using Hanifin-Rajka criteria. After medical and family histories were obtained and a detailed physical examination was performed, disease severity was determined with the objective SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index. Skin prick tests were performed, and percent of peripheral blood eosinophils, total serum IgE and specific IgE were measured. The median age of the 501 patients was 15 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 6-40 months), and 62.9% (315) were male. Sensitization to at least one allergen and foods was observed in 40.3% (202) and 30.9% (155) of all patients, respectively. Of the study group, 17.6% (88) had severe disease. When logistic regression analyses were performed, with adjustments, the risk factors for severe AD were determined to be eosinophilia (odds ratio [OR] 1.137, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.062-1.217; p=0.003) and food allergen sensitization (OR: 1.937, 95%CI: 1.217-3.084; p=0.005). The patients with severe AD had sensitization to common allergens, food allergens and eosinophilia more frequently than those with mild-moderate disease (p=0.001, p=0.001 and p=0.005, respectively). Eosinophilia may predict severe disease and allergic sensitization. Further large-scale follow-up studies are needed to improve the reliability and relevance of this relation. Keywords : severe atopic dermatitis, child, objective SCORAD, risk factors.
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