The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2013 , Vol 55 , Num 1
Heat Loss Prevention in the Delivery Room in Term and Preterm Infants
1 Division of Neonatology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, and 2 University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Sant’ Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy. E-mail: This study was conducted to determine whether or not simultaneous use of additional measures to prevent heat loss and efficient training of caregivers influenced the incidence of hypothermia at birth.

Two cohorts of term/late-preterm and preterm infants were compared before (Group IA and IB) and after (Group IIA and IIB) the introduction of additional measures and a specific training of caregivers.

In term/late-preterm neonates of Group IIA, admission temperature was higher (36.3°C vs 36°C; p<0.001) and incidence of hypothermia lower (61.2% vs 81.0%; p<0.001) compared to Group IA, with reduction of moderate hypothermia (8.8% vs 27.3%; p<0.001).

Among preterm neonates, admission temperature was higher (36.0°C vs 35.5°C; p<0.001) and incidence of hypothermia lower (68.1% vs 92.3%; p<0.001) during the second period, when no cases of severe hypothermia and reduction of moderate forms were observed (42.5% vs 70.7%; p<0.001). Additional interventions to prevent hypothermia and caregivers’ training were effective in preventing hypothermia. Keywords : hypothermia, delivery room, resuscitation, neonate.

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