The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2012 , Vol 54 , Num 6
The Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Pertussis Patients in a Tertiary Center Over a Four-Year Period
1Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children’s Training and Research Hospital, 2Department of Clinical Microbiology, Pertussis National Reference Laboratory; Communicable Diseases Research Department; Refik Saydam National Hygiene Center, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail: We performed a retrospective study of pertussis patients seen during the period July 2007-December 2011. All patients were microbiologically confirmed through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or culture. Thirtyone patients with positive Bordetella spp. culture or PCR were identified, with a median age of two months. Seventeen patients had received no pertussis vaccination. The most frequent symptoms were paroxysmal cough (100%) and cyanosis (87.1%). The mean duration of the symptoms prior to admission was 12.8±8.0 days. Leukocytosis and thrombocytosis were detected in 64.3% and 67.9% of the 28 hospitalized patients, respectively. Erythromycin had been given to eight patients and clarithromycin to 23 patients. The mean hospital stay was 9.5±5.5 days (range: 3 to 28 days). No patients were readmitted or died. We believe that patients with characteristic paroxysmal cough with cyanosis but no fever should alert clinicians to the possibility of pertussis, and they should be treated without delay. PCR assay provided additional benefit in the diagnoses of the study patients. Keywords : pertussis, infant, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis.
Copyright © 2016