The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2011 , Vol 53 , Num 4
Sleep Habits, Parasomnias and Associated Behaviors in School Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
¹Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, and ²Antakya Children’s Hospital, Antakya, Turkey Rodopman-Arman A, Perdahlı-Fiş N, Ekinci Ö, Berkem M. Sleep habits, parasomnias and associated behaviors in school children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Turk J Pediatr 2011; 53: 397-403.

Considerable clinical data support an association between sleep problems and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate the sleep habits, associated parasomnias and behavioral symptoms in primary school children with ADHD. Forty primary school children with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD and 40 age-sex-matched healthy community controls were recruited. The Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire providing information regarding sleep habits and nighttime and daytime symptoms was used. About 22% of children with ADHD (versus 2.9% of the controls) needed their parents to accompany them while going to sleep (p: 0.008). Transitional objects were needed by 8.1% of ADHD children in contrast to 2.9% of controls. Nightmares, overactivity during sleep, habitual snoring, and bed-wetting were significantly higher in the ADHD group. ADHD children needed significantly more time to go to sleep on school days (p<0.02). Children undergoing evaluation for ADHD should be routinely screened for sleep disturbances. Keywords : sleep habits, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, parasomnia, school children, behavior.

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