The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2015 , Vol 57 , Num 4
Is compliance with gluten-free diet sufficient? Diet composition of celiac patients
¹Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, ²Division of Nutrition and Dietetics, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Scinece, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail: Balamtekin N, Aksoy Ç, Baysoy G, Uslu N, Demir H, Köksal G, Saltık-Temizel İN, Özen H, Gürakan F, Yüce A. Is compliance with glutenfree diet sufficient? Diet composition of celiac patients. Turk J Pediatr 2015; 57: 374-379.

This study was planned to investigate the amount and content of foods consumed by child patients with celiac disease on a long-term gluten-free diet.

Children aged 3-18 years who were diagnosed with celiac disease according to ESPGHAN criteria and were compliant to the gluten-free diet for at least one year were included. Age and gender matched healthy children were included as the control group.

Food consumption records including the amount and content of the foods consumed for a total of three days were obtained. Once the records had been completed on the food consumption form, quantity analysis was again performed by the same dietician. Energy and other nutritional elements taken in through foodstuffs consumed by the patient and control groups were calculated using the Nutrition Data System for Research Package; these results were shown as mean ± standard deviation (x ±SD) and the values compared.

The study consisted of 28 patients with a mean age of 10.3 ± 4.6 and 25 healthy controls with a mean age of 9.5 ± 3.4. Average age at diagnosis in the patient group was 6.7 ± 4.3 and mean duration of gluten-free diet was 4.0 ± 3.3 years.

Children with celiac disease on a gluten-free diet had significantly lower daily energy intake levels compared to the healthy controls (p<0.05). The proportional fat consumption was significantly higher in the patient group compared to the controls (p<0.05). Moreover, proportional carbohydrate and protein, vitamin E and vitamin B1, and microelements such as magnesium, phosphorus and zinc consumptions were significantly lower in celiac group with respect to v-control group.

Solely determining compliance to the gluten free diet might be inadequate in the follow-up of children with celiac disease, adequacy of the nutritional content in terms of macro and micronutrients of celiac disease patients is also important. Keywords :

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