The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2012 , Vol 54 , Num 2
Papillon-Lefèvre Syndrome: Report of Three Cases in the Same Family
Departments of 1Pediatric Oncology, and 3Radiology, Faculty of Medicine and 2Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by cathepsin C gene mutation leading to the deficiency of cathepsin C enzymatic activity. The disease is characterized by palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, periodontopathy and precocious loss of dentition, and increased susceptibility to infections. Pyogenic liver abscess is an increasingly recognized complication. Three cases of Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome in the same family are presented here. Two of the three siblings presented with characteristic manifestations of the syndrome. The third case had died previously due to liver abscess prior to a diagnosis of Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome. Keywords : Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, hyperkeratosis, periodontopathy, liver abscess.
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