The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2015 , Vol 57 , Num 2
Toilet Training Age and Influencing Factors: a Multicenter Study
Divisions of 3Pediatric Emergency and 5Pediatric Nephrology, Departments of 1Urology and 4Pediatrics, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Departments of 2Urology and 6Pediatrics, Katip Celebi University Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, and 7Division of Social Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.
To determine toilet training age and the factors influencing this in our country, 1500 children who had completed toilet training were evaluated in a multicenter study. The mean age of toilet training was 22.32±6.57 months. The duration it took to complete toilet training was 6.60±2.20 months on the average. In univariant analysis, toilet training age increased as the parental education level, specifically that of the mother, increased. The training age of children whose mothers had over 12 years of education differed significantly from that of children of mothers with less education. There was no significant difference in toilet training age with regard to the education level of the father, or the employment status of the mother. We also found significant differences with respect to family income level, toilet type and training method. In multivariant analysis, family income >5000 TL and use of a potty chair were determined to be factors affecting toilet training age. In conclusion, toilet training age in Turkey, a developing country, was found to be lower than that in developed countries. Keywords : toilet training, bladder control, bowel control, child development, training activity.
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